To a common man, the term arthritis brings out images of pain and joint inflammation. However, arthritis is a complex medical condition that covers a range of diseases. Around 100 illnesses are associated with arthritis. Arthritis can mean something as simple as tendonitis and even something as chronic as rheumatoid arthritis.
The Common Types of Arthritis:
Rheumatoid Arthritis is one of the common types of arthritis. Whose Symptoms usually start appearing at the ages of 25 to 50. However, even kids and elderly citizens can experience the onset of this disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is also referred to as inflammatory arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that involves the wear and tear of cartilage and it can also affect other organs including the eyes, lungs, and heart.
Both Hands and legs are usually affected including the wrists. Common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain, stiffness, and redness of the skin. Fatigue, weight loss and slight fever are also witnessed.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It is a degenerative joint disease that has already afflicted over 16 million people in the US alone. Osteoarthritis is caused when the cartilage around the ends of the bones begins to degenerate. The joints rub together and bones grate against one another. Symptoms of osteoarthritis are usually mild and involve pain and joints stiffness. As the disease advances, inflammation and motion loss can also occur.
In Fibromyalgia, the inflammation and pain associated with Arthritis affects the muscles, ligaments, tendons, and soft tissues. The common symptoms for Fibromyalgia include deep muscle pain, tiredness, sleeping problems, and depression. The disease is usually long term and chronic.
Other Types of Arthritis:
Besides the above mentioned types of arthritis, there are other kinds experienced too. Anklyosing Spondylitis is an inflammatory, chronic disease that affects the spine. Gout is a disease that more commonly affects the joints of the big toe, but can also affect the ankles, knees, heels, wrists, fingers, and elbow. Infectious Arthritis is caused by an infection – bacterial and viral. The symptom is sudden swelling of the joint, soreness, fever, and chills.
Cervical arthritis affects the upper back, causing pain in the neck and arms. When the cartilage protecting the discs that support the neck deteriorates, cervical arthritis sets in. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis usually affects children. Common symptoms of arthritis involve swelling, pain, and joints stiffness.
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